Where does this issue fit into the Sustainable Development Goals?
Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Right now, our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests and biodiversity are being rapidly degraded. Climate change is putting even more pressure on the resources we depend on, increasing risks associated with disasters such as droughts and floods. Many rural women and men can no longer make ends meet on their land, forcing them to migrate to cities in search of opportunities.
A profound change of the global food and agriculture system is needed if we are to nourish today’s 795 million hungry and the additional 2 billion people expected by 2050.
The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication.
Facts & Figures
- Globally, one in nine people in the world today (795 million) are undernourished
- The vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries, where 12.9 per cent of the population is undernourished.
- Asia is the continent with the most hungry people – two thirds of the total. The percentage in southern Asia has fallen in recent years but in western Asia it has increased slightly.
- Southern Asia faces the greatest hunger burden, with about 281 million undernourished people. In sub-Saharan Africa, projections for the 2014-2016 period indicate a rate of undernourishment of almost 23 per cent.
- Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45 per cent) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children each year.
- One in four of the world’s children suffer stunted growth. In developing countries the proportion can rise to one in three.
- 66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.
- Agriculture is the single largest employer in the world, providing livelihoods for 40 per cent of today’s global population. It is the largest source of income and jobs for poor rural households.
- 500 million small farms worldwide, most still rainfed, provide up to 80 per cent of food consumed in a large part of the developing world. Investing in smallholder women and men is an important way to increase food security and nutrition for the poorest, as well as food production for local and global markets.
- Since the 1900s, some 75 per cent of crop diversity has been lost from farmers’ fields. Better use of agricultural biodiversity can contribute to more nutritious diets, enhanced livelihoods for farming communities and more resilient and sustainable farming systems.
- If women farmers had the same access to resources as men, the number of hungry in the world could be reduced by up to 150 million.
- 1.4 billion people have no access to electricity worldwide – most of whom live in rural areas of the developing world. Energy poverty in many regions is a fundamental barrier to reducing hunger and ensuring that the world can produce enough food to meet future demand.
Find our more about this Sustainable Development Goal.
In Sumba, Indonesia, childhood malnutrition is unacceptably high. SurfAid will work with communities to establish vegetable gardens and seed banks, and improve family nutrition through cooking classes to ultimately reduce malnutrition in children under five and pregnant women.
Raised from 7,148 people
To improve food security and strengthen livelihoods of poor and marginalised communities in Sri Lanka through sustainable agricultural practices and the establishment of small scale group enterprises.
Raised from 18,086 people
This project aims to reduce childhood hunger and malnutrition in rural Cambodia through school vegetable gardens and daily meals for students.
Raised from 7,481 people
To provide the most vulnerable households and school children in South Sudan with food aid and support to sustain their livelihoods.
Raised from 22,638 people
Many children in Cambodia go to school hungry or do not go to school at all because they lack the energy on an empty stomach. This project aims to increase the number of children going to school and help them to concentrate in the classroom, by providing meals for the children and their families.
Raised from 8,338 people
This project will procure foundation seed for the farmers, training the farmers and supporting poultry production and management in Chiredze, Chipinge & Mwenezi districts.
Raised from 11,930 people
Oxfam Australia’s Timor-Leste food security and livelihoods program is working to reduce hunger and improve income, access to food and living standards for 1185 people (263 households) in Oecusse and Covalima districts in Timor-Leste.
Raised from 9,703 people
By converting to organic farming techniques, families are reducing expenses, increasing crop yields and income and starting to break the cycle of poverty. Includes training, the provision of farming equipment, seeds and small livestock.
Raised from 8,746 people
Creating solutions to hunger, HIV and poverty for people in the rural district of uMkhanyakude in KwaZulu-Natal through community veggie gardens. Quality nutrition can reduce HIV-related illness and AIDS-related deaths, and is vital for breaking the poverty cycle.
Raised from 14,963 people
To help 180 of the poorest families improve their livelihoods and get through the yearly ‘hungry season’ through training/mentoring in new farming methods, provision of seeds, livestock and equipment.
Raised from 8,210 people
This project aims to save lives through a feeding program for vulnerable people such as children who are at risk due to the severe lack of food in Zimbabwe
Raised from 3,998 people